Sarvar is located in Western Hungary, 25 kilometers east from Szombathely. The city sits on both sides of the Raba River, on a lowland area. The city enjoys a moderate climate, where the winds frequently refresh the air.
Due to its natural resources and the convenient crossing of the river, the area has been populated since pre-historic times. The Roman Empire, in protection of the major merchant route, built military camps on both sides of the river, thus establishing the old fort, and a civil town named Bassaina, to the east. When Hungarian tribes seized the land, they built a bank fort, as customary, surrounded by water. Closeness to the border strengthened its importance, and the fort remained in possession of the king until the end of the 13th century. Settlements of villains and soldiers were established around the fort, and these were joined to form a town. The fort withstood the Turkish invasion in 1532, and became a center for art and culture for the centuries to follow. The town hosted a numerous famous scientists, artists, humanists, doctors and architects. The first Hungarian translation of the New Testament was printed here. Following some setbacks in the 18th century, the dualist era (of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) brought another upswing with train lines, industrialization, and improvements in farming. In the aftermath of the World Wars, unemployment lead to partial emigration, but the 1950s brought new factories to town, and crude oil drills discovered thermal water in abundance, which established and boosted the industry of health and tourism. The settlement became a city again in 1968, but kept its rather rural landscape.
The new Sarvar Spa and Wellness Bath opened in December of 2002, offering state-of-the-art services to healing-, and relaxation-seeking guests. An abundant layer of thermal water is found underground: 44 C° at 1 km deep, suitable for healing locomotor disorders, and 81 C° at 2 km deep, suitable for healing arthritic illnesses. The Royal Spas of Europe elected Sarvar as a member, signaling that it offers exceptionally high standard spa and hotel services.
Sights to Visit
The southern side of Kossuth Square is aligned by a Renaissance Castle, which became a symbol of Sarvar: the Nadasdy Castle, which was first mentioned in print in 1288, but most of its buildings originate from the 15th century. The same square includes the St. Laszlo Catholic Church, with a chapel from the Middle Ages, reconstructed in the 17th century. Southwest from the church, the square presents the town's first school, established by Tamas Nadasdy in 1535. The town hall adorns this square as well. The St. Mark Church is located in Rabasomjen, and the Sar quarter includes the St. Miklos Church with a Gothic tower. An Evangelical Church, built in Classicist style, is to be found in Sylvester Street. The Castle District includes a 16 ha botanical garden, which still includes some plants from the 16th century. Another nice destination of relaxation-seeking guests can be a nice lake with picturesque surroundings, where small boats can be rented to explore its natural beauty.
The inner court of the Nadasdy Castle hosts a large-scale folklore festival each year in August. Throughout the rest of the year, other high-standard programs include musical festivities, as well as cavalrymen meetings. Late fall brings an extensive fair, with a wide variety of goods, traditional items and arts-and-crafts.